Prostatitis: the main symptoms, causes and main directions in treatment

Prostatitis is characterized by a complex inflammatory process in the prostate gland. The risk group consists of men aged 40 and over, leading a sedentary lifestyle. The first signs in the acute form occur with purulent discharge in the urine, severe pain syndrome and an increase in body temperature up to 40 degrees. Chronic prostatitis is no less dangerous than acute, but has a more hidden picture of development. Its risk lies in irreversible disorders related to sexual function activity.

Characteristics of prostate flow

Signs of prostatitis begin to bother men as a result of a sedentary lifestyle, hypothermia, as a result of malnutrition.

The course of the disease can be characterized by one of two forms:

  1. Acute prostatitis- is defined by purulent discharge in the urine. Specific causes are associated with pathogenic microflora. Antibiotic-free treatment is ineffective.
  2. Chronic- develops as a result of improper or ineffective treatment. The signs are not as pronounced as in the acute course.

During the remission period, the symptoms of the pathology often disappear completely. Exacerbation of chronic prostatitis does not bother the patient as clearly as in the acute primary form. In most cases, the stagnant course of the disease is diagnosed as a result of a sedentary lifestyle against the background of chronic diseases, due to low blood circulation to the pelvic organs.

The main signs of prostatitis are divided by doctors into three groups:

  • malfunctions in the urinary system, manifested by disorders in urinary secretion;
  • sexual disorders characteristic of an enlarged prostate;
  • development of nerve pathologies.

Inflammation of the prostate provokes a decrease in the production of a special secretion that holds sperm activity. As a rule, their resistance to side effects decreases, and the chances of successful fertilization of a female egg are close to the minimum.

According to medical statistics, the disease affects not only the elderly, but also quite young men. The risk group consists of the stronger sex from the age of 40 years. Doctors emphasize that the main emphasis should be placed on preventing the development of pathologies in the pelvis and preventive measures.

Symptomatic photo

Symptoms of prostatitis are mainly represented by pain syndrome. Unpleasant sensations in acute inflammation can be stabbing, cutting, or pain. They cause decreased performance, sleep disturbances. Enlargement of the prostate gland already in the early stages can be determined by pain in the pelvic area. In some patients, it develops during urination and defecation. During erection and ejaculation, pain sensations increase.

As a result of mechanical action on the walls of the urinary tract, pain is almost always associated with movement.

Urine secretion problems affect almost every patient and in every form. Displayed:

  • false desire to urinate;
  • sensation of incomplete bladder emptying.

A man may need an effort to urinate, and the flow is slow and intermittent. Acute inflammation causes frequent urge to urinate.

In addition to the listed symptoms of prostatitis in the acute development of the disease, are manifested as follows:

  • muscle and joint pain;
  • increase in body temperature up to 40 degrees;
  • thirsty state, chills;
  • feeling of swelling in the groin area;
  • discharge from the urethra;
  • burning and cramping when passing urine;
  • lines of blood and pus in the urine.
Complications of the chronic course of prostatitis can be male infertility, scarring and narrowing of urethral tissue, complex kidney damage, sepsis. The testicles, epididymis, and seminal ducts become inflamed. The course of running leads to suppuration of the prostate, which requires immediate surgical intervention. Surgical treatment without intervention requires bladder blockage, which is associated with acute urinary retention.

Provocative factors

The main causes of prostatitis can be summarized in the following list:

  1. Sexually transmitted infections. Trichomonas, mycoplasmas, chlamydia, gonococcus, Escherichia coli, enterococci can provoke lesions of the urethra and prostate tissue.
  2. A sedentary and sedentary lifestyle contributes to the development of congestive and inflammatory processes in the pelvic organs.
  3. Disorders of lymphatic circulation and blood circulation.
  4. Continuous cessation or artificial increase of sexual intercourse, prolonged abstinence causes disturbances in the functioning of the prostate gland.
  5. Regular mental stress, excessive physical exertion, stressful situations also affect men's health and cause the development of prostatitis.
  6. Hypothermia, frequent colds and, as a result, decreased immunity become the cause of inflammatory processes of the reproductive organs.
  7. Hormonal disorders.


It will not be possible to get rid of the pathological signs of acute or chronic prostatitis in a short period of time.

When choosing certain therapies, it is important to identify the type and form of the disease through diagnostic studies.


methods of treating prostatitis in men

Antibiotics are indicated when diagnosing bacterial prostatitis. If the inflammatory process is not caused by an infection, there is no point in such therapy. The choice of a specific antibiotic is made by the attending physician after identifying the microorganism that provokes bacterial damage to the prostate gland.

In most cases, the medication should be taken for at least 7 days. Alpha-blockers and antispasmodics help relieve pain. Systematic intake of this group of drugs helps to relax the muscles of the bladder and the prostate itself. This improves urine flow and reduces the manifestation of the overall clinical picture.

For men with a particularly severe course of pathology, intravenous fluids and diuretics are indicated. This improves urine flow. In addition, this way, you can stop the process of intoxication of the body.

Non-bacterial prostatitis is treated with antipyretic, analgesic, anticholinergic drugs. In case of constipation, it is necessary to use laxatives and suppositories based on Vaseline oil.

Supportive care

Important steps in complementary therapy for drug treatment are:

  • the rest of the bed;
  • complete rest;
  • drink plenty of fluids, at least 2 liters a day;
  • warm baths sitz.

In case of acute urinary retention, a temporary suprapubic fistula is prescribed. An alternative approach is regular bladder catheterization. Doctors prescribe such treatments only when drug therapy is ineffective. Patients should not forget the contraindications to body hypothermia during treatment, cycling and prolonged sitting on hard surfaces.

performing prostate massage for prostate

Prostate massage is prescribed from the first days of prostate diagnosis. This method helps relieve the pressure of the enlarged gland in the urethra, thus improving urination and reducing induration.

Compliance with a diet that excludes spicy and fatty foods, as well as alcoholic and carbonated beverages, allows you to normalize your overall health.


In cases where drug therapy has had no effect on the treatment of prostatitis, surgery is required. In exceptional cases, with stagnant leakage, urine flow is blocked. Surgical treatment is also necessary here. A contraindication to surgery is the patient's reproductive age. In young men, surgery can lead to infertility.

Transurethral resection of the prostate is a surgical incision of all inflamed tissue. Prostatectomy is performed to completely remove the prostate, adjacent tissue, and seminal vesicles. The negative consequences of such an intervention are urinary incontinence and impotence. This type of medical care is necessary for the malignant nature of the pathology. It allows you to get rid of the problem with the inflammatory process in the prostate gland once and for all.

Prostatitis is considered a complex and insidious disease, with persistent remission in the chronic form. It is not always possible to fully recover, therefore, eliminating the main symptoms is a task that every attending physician seeks to perform. How long it will take before their complete disappearance is impossible to determine exactly. In most situations, urologists provide comforting predictions.

Alternative therapy

In the treatment of the disease, not only medical methods are used, but also folk remedies.

The bee is dead

Alcohol tincture is prepared from 2 tablespoons. podmore and 200 ml of alcohol or vodka. Take 3 times a day on an empty stomach, 40-60 drops, depending on the weight of the patient. Course of therapy - 25 days. The composition of bee worm contains unique ingredients that have a therapeutic effect on problems with the male reproductive system.

Soup with the addition of 2 tsp. honey, 1 tsp. podmora for 1 cup hot water cook on low heat for 10 minutes. Then the agent should be insisted for about 3-4 hours. Use indicated in 2 tbsp. ldy times a day before meals. The optimal period of treatment with this drug is 1 month. Then you should take a break for 7-10 days and, if there is no improvement, resume therapy.

Pumpkin Seeds

Pumpkin seeds should be ground in a coffee grinder before use. Take 2 tbsp daily on an empty stomach. l. , washed with a glass of water diluted in 2 tsp. natural honey

You can add fresh parsley juice to the honey in a few drops.


The raw materials are mixed in equal proportions (10 g each):

  • dried licorice roots;
  • leaves of berry, chestnut, head plant and castor oil plant.

To enhance the effect, you can add 15 g of dandelion, camphor and beans. You need to prepare a fresh decoction of 1 tbsp every day. mixed plant raw material and 0, 5 liters of water. Boil for 10 minutes, then leave for another half hour. Drink 4 doses immediately before meals. The course is 30 days.


The appearance of symptoms in the clinical picture of prostatitis contributes to the formation of inferiority complexes. This causes stressful situations and depressed mood in men. Many patients are characterized by irritability, a tendency to conflict. Aggressive behavior interferes with normal communication.

In most cases, you should seek the help of an experienced psychologist. After all, disorders of the sexual sphere have a very negative effect not only on a man's state of mind, but also on his whole life. Therefore, psychological rehabilitation is no less important than drug therapy.

Doctors recommend avoiding hypothermia and excessive physical exertion. An effective tool for preventing prostatitis is an active sex life with a constant partner. Prolonged abstinence, incomplete ejaculation are contraindicated. It is necessary to limit the use of alcoholic beverages from the age of 40 and to stop smoking. The main emphasis should be on moderate exercise and vitamin therapy.