When chronic prostatitis is diagnosed, treatment methods are determined by the doctor. This disease is very common along with prostate adenoma and is a very serious problem for a man's health. As a result of chronic prostatitis, the quality of intimate life deteriorates significantly, which is a major concern.
This disease is an inflammatory process developing in the tissues of the prostate gland. But not all men are in a hurry to turn to a specialist for help, and thus, the disease is caused significantly, what will lead this in each case is not always known.Prostatitis often leads to infertility and the development of an infection that spreads rapidly to other internal organs, especially the bladder, testicles, and kidneys.
Causes and symptoms of the disease
Researchers have proven that prostatitis is increasingly starting to appear in young people. This is due, first of all, to infection with sexually transmitted infections, such as mycoplasmosis, gonorrhea, ureaplasmosis, etc. In the case of unprotected relationships, infection with various diseases and their premature treatment will inevitably lead to the development of such a disease.
An interesting fact is that the development of this disease can occur due to the presence of a chronic internal disease and even in the presence of caries. In this case, chronic prostatitis develops as a result of the spread of infection by the hematogenous route, in other words, this route can be called the spread of infection through the blood inside the body.
Even banal factors such as unbalanced diet, weak immunity, very frequent colds, as well as the use of drugs by a man that negatively affect the protective functions, play a role.
Excess weight, lack of mobility and even constipation affect the inhibition of blood flow to the pelvis, which most likely leads to the prostate.
In the acute form, prostatitis in a man manifests itself as:
- urinating very often;
- characteristic sensations of impaired bladder emptying that occur during urination;
- during bowel movements, pain occurs in the region of the colon;
- pains of various nature in the groin and behind the pubis, which are felt more strongly after urination;
- the temperature rises quite often.
Chronic prostatitis is less intense:
- Frequent urination, which does not cause special concerns for the husband and he gets used to it over time;
- unexpressed pain in pelvis and perineum;
- sudden onset of impotence.
Diagnosis of prostatitis
Once a person has noticed a manifestation of the disease, he should immediately contact a urologist, as timely treatment in the early stages will most likely lead to recovery.
The urologist, after treating the patient, makes a diagnosis using the following methods:
- Palpation of the gland penetrating into it through the rectum. This procedure for a man is an extremely uncomfortable process, but it is necessary, as it will allow the specialist to determine the size, density and structure of the prostate gland.
- Instrumental method, which includes MRI and ultrasound. The latter procedure aims to identify pathologies of the prostate, kidneys and internal organs. Ultrasound examination in this case can be performed through the abdominal wall or by transrectal ultrasound, which is performed through the rectum.
- A laboratory method, which can be general clinical or specific. The first option involves a blood and urine test.
The second option includes:
- using PCR technique, infections are detected, for this you need to take a swab from the urethra;
- staining for bacteriological culture;
- SAP analysis;
- prostate secretion is taken under a microscope.
Prostatitis is treated with the following techniques:
- As prescribed by a doctor, a man is prescribed symptomatic medication that can alleviate the patient's condition.
- After proper research, the most effective targeted antibacterial agents are prescribed.
- Immunotherapeutic drugs.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs.
- After the end of the acute phase, the patient is prescribed physiotherapy using prostate massage.
- Stimulation of non-specific resistance.
- Use of sedatives.
- One of the most important treatment methods is to change a man's unhealthy lifestyle, especially if he has a sedentary job and an unhealthy diet. The most effective way is walking in the fresh air and doing specific gymnastics, which aims to improve blood circulation in the pelvic region.
In the case of chronic prostatitis, the specialist may prescribe slightly different treatment methods, which are combined in a series of measures aimed at the rapid recovery of the patient. Of course, you should not neglect the prescribed preparations of vitamins and herbal medicines.
When a urologist prescribes antibiotics, he or she is guided, first and foremost, by laboratory tests that show what type of bacteria should be exposed. The most popular are macrolide group drugs, 5-NOK and similar agents, which were created to treat the disease, especially in the acute phase.
In some cases, surgery is indicated as a treatment for chronic prostatitis, this method is mainly necessary when the chronic phase has passed into the prostate adenoma or in case of narrowing of the urethra.
In the case of physiotherapy, the specialist may prescribe:
- laser therapy;
- ultrasound phonophoresis;
- microwave hyperemia.
Effective treatment of chronic prostatitis is a complex measure that aims not only to alleviate the patient's condition, but also to prevent the possibility of complications.
For a man who has a chronic prostate, the methods of treatment in this case in no case should interfere with regular sexual intercourse, but in this case it is necessary to take care of the safety of the partner.
It is important for every man to know that the chronic form of prostatitis is a precancerous condition, and negligence and fear of the procedures described can lead to adenomas and even the development of prostate cancer.