Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland. This disease belongs to the category of men, and mainly affects middle-aged and older men. Depending on the cause of origin, the characteristics of the course and the individuality of the patient, the doctor chooses an effective treatment tactic using antibiotics - drugs that inhibit the vital activity of pathogens and accelerate the healing of the patient. Antibiotics for prostatitis are effective means of eliminating the inflammatory process.
About the disease
Depending on the nature of the origin, an acute or chronic form of prostatitis is distinguished. The source of the disease in acute prostatitis is an infection, namely bacteria, viruses. The chronic form develops with congestion in the area of the prostate gland or in the absence or ineffectiveness of treating the disease. As a rule, the disease manifests itself with reduced local or general immunity and in some cases becomes the leading cause of male infertility.
Prostatitis is considered a rather complex disease, the treatment of which is a long and continuous process. This is due to the peculiarity of the anatomical structure of the male organ, the complexity of which makes the penetration of some drugs difficult. This contributes to the continuation of the infection and the development of the inflammatory process for a long time.
At the same time, the effectiveness of therapy depends mainly on an integrated approach, the main task of which is to restore the original structure of the prostate gland and its functionality. One of the methods of treatment is therapy with effective drugs, including the use of antibacterial drugs - antibiotics. Too often, patients wonder what antibiotics to take for prostatitis?
Benefits of antibiotic treatment
The use of antibiotics in the treatment of the disease is considered as one of the effective methods in the fight against pathogenic flora, therefore, these funds are essential ingredients in the fight against this insidious disease.
Antibiotic therapy has two purposes, one of which is to destroy the source of the disease and the second to eliminate the inflammatory process. In addition, the appointment of antibiotics reduces the risk of secondary nonspecific prostate infection.
Antibacterial drugs for prostatitis are selected by the doctor individually based on the patient's complaints and the results of laboratory tests, among which are needed: urine and prostate secretions, as well as a study on antibiotic susceptibility.
There is a misconception that there is an effective antibacterial drug that can eliminate the inflammatory process and get rid of prostatitis. Currently, a number of antibacterial agents have been developed and released into production, which affect one or another type of pathogen.
As a rule, the course of treatment developed by the attending physician lasts on average 1-2 months, and the main method of therapy is treatment with antibiotics for prostatitis, which are selected individually depending on the type of pathogen detected in the body.
Groups of antibiotics
It has long been proven that treating prostatitis with antibiotics, no matter what groups they represent, quickly relieves acute inflammation. However, before prescribing a specific drug, it is necessary to perform bacteriological inoculation of prostate gland secretion for pathogen sensitivity to a specific drug.
In most cases, or in the absence of the possibility of obtaining tests, the doctor prescribes broad-spectrum antibiotics. They suppress most of the germs and bacteria that cause infection. In each particular case, the treatment regimen is chosen individually, depending on the stage of the disease, the individual tolerance of the patient and the spectrum of action of the drug.
The following antibiotics are considered to be the most common and well-known agents:
- Penicillin. These funds have a strong antibacterial effect.
- Fluoroquinolones. Today, these funds are considered one of the most effective drugs with a wide range of effects. These funds are used in the treatment of chronic prostatitis, the origin of which excludes tuberculous etiology. However, these drugs have high picture and neurotoxicity.
- Cephalosporins. This group includes drugs that are injected intramuscularly, while they are very effective.
- Macrolides. Drugs of this group, as a rule, have high activity against a number of bacteria. They are low toxic and very effective.
- Tetracyclines. Due to the difficult drug tolerance in this group, tetracyclines are not very popular.
You should know that to quickly eliminate the inflammatory process, it is necessary to prescribe two or three antibacterial drugs, in particular, a combination of fluoroquinolones, macrolides, aminoglycosides is effective.