The main causes of prostatitis in men

Prostatitis is a disease of the urological spectrum, which is characterized by the onset and development of localized inflammation in the tissues of the prostate gland in men. The disease occupies the first place in the frequency of visits among urological diseases. Often, prostatitis in men begins to bother at the same time as the appearance of other diseases of the reproductive system. Why is male disease developing so fast? What are the main causes of prostatitis in men?

prostatitis in a man and the reasons for its occurrence

General information

According to WHO statistics, 60-75% of men of reproductive age face the problem of prostatitis. The disease is diagnosed in one-third of men applied, 30 percent of whom are under 40 years old. Every tenth man on the planet has experienced prostate in his life.

Characteristics of the course of the disease

The clinic of prostatitis in men is varied, depending on the individual characteristics of the body, general health and lifestyle. In men 35-40 years old, prostatitis is asymptomatic. Its first signs become noticeable after almost a year. In medicine, it is customary to distinguish 2 forms of the disease:

  • infectious;
  • stagnant (non-infectious).

In the first case, the infection is localized in the pelvic organs, in the second - in the prostate area, blood circulation is obstructed, the work of the gland is interrupted.

Factors affecting the development of the inflammatory process

Inflammation is characterized by an acute and chronic course. The acute form of the disease is accompanied by high fever, pain in the lumbar region and sacrum, as well as a feeling of discomfort in the reproductive organs. Acute prostatitis starts suddenly. Its appearance is provoked by genitourinary infections:

  • cystitis;
  • pyelonephritis;
  • urethritis;
  • IST.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli are the main pathogens that provoke the onset of the disease.

Inflammation of the prostate in young people: causes and consequences of development

The disease is first felt at the age of 30-40 years. The cause of prostatitis can be Trichomonas, chlamydia, ureaplasma - the causative agents of prostatitis that provoke its occurrence.

Visiting a specialist is a difficult step. Young people are ashamed of their problems, postpone the visit to the doctor and thus worsen the situation. The infection spreads rapidly, which accelerates the onset of inflammation of the prostate. Consequences of premature prostate treatment in young men:

  1. Impaired urinary function:
  2. has problems with power;
  3. reproductive function is inhibited;
  4. recurrences of prostatitis are more frequent;
  5. calcifications and moles appear.

The appearance of the first symptoms of inflammation of the prostate gland should be a signal to contact a doctor. A person should pay attention to his health if the following symptoms appear:

  • the desire to urinate appears more often;
  • feel discomfort and pain when urinating;
  • after going to the toilet, the desire to urinate does not go away;
  • erection weakens or disappears;
  • attraction to the partner decreases.

Ignoring the signs leads to the fact that advanced prostatitis in men becomes chronic. The production of prostate secretion, which is part of sperm, is reduced.

Causes of prostatitis in men

Prostatitis is thought to be caused by infections.

  1. Infectious route. The main causes of prostatitis lie in the multiplication of microorganisms that enter the bloodstream and spread throughout the body with its current. This is how the primary infection occurs. Secondary occurs when the inflammatory process is not observed in time and spreads. Pathological processes occur in the urinary tract that provoke the appearance of prostatitis, the cause of which are intestinal diseases of the reproductive system. Infection occurs in two ways. Growth occurs when an infection enters the prostate from the opening of the urinary tract. A downward path occurs when infected urine is the source of infection.
  2. Weak immune system. Irregular sleep-wake cycle, poor diet, alcohol dependence and smoking, chronic stress are sources of decreased immunity. He is unable to resist infectious agents.
  3. Violation of blood circulation. Inhibition of blood circulation as a result of the occurrence of a disease is a consequence of physical inactivity, poor heart function and diseases of the nervous system. Blood in the pelvic organs begins to circulate poorly. The result is oxygen starvation and inflammation of the prostate gland.
  4. Lack of regular intimate life and unprotected sex are the reasons for the development of prostatitis. Inflammation can occur as a result of lack or excess of intimate life. Young people who lead a very active life suffer from a rapid decline in strength, hormonal imbalance and glandular secretion. A broken relationship is a factor that negatively affects a man's health.
  5. Prostate injuries that come from tremor disease. Drivers often suffer from impaired prostate function due to constant tremors. This is a common cause of prostatitis in men.
  6. Alcohol and cigarette abuse are the causes of prostatitis. Scientifically proven: systemic intoxication leads to swelling of prostate tissue. If the immune barrier is weak, favorable conditions are created for the penetration of microorganisms.
  7. Characteristics of nutrition. Foods treated with chemicals can cause malignant neoplasms. Prostate cancer ranks among the first places in mortality in men after 50 years.
  8. Phimosis is the cause of the development of the inflammatory process. It is a disease characterized by incomplete opening of the head of the penis. Phimosis is often found in newborns. In this case, phimosis is a congenital defect. If treated immediately, it disappears after a few months. For an adult man, phimosis is a serious problem, not only physical but also psychological. If the head of the penis is completely closed, fluid collects beneath it, which is a breeding ground for bacteria. Pathogenic microbes cause prostate. Treatment of adult phimosis involves surgery.
  9. The presence of stones in the prostate gland is a prerequisite for the onset of inflammation.
  10. Occupational diseases.
  11. The pathological structure of the prostate gland may be the cause of inflammation, as prostate secretion stagnates in the urinary tract.
  12. Hormonal disorders. Low hormone levels affect your sexual desire. Absence of sex for a long time can lead to the formation of venous congestion.

Varieties and symptoms of the disease

Chronic prostatitis in an advanced course can develop into sepsis. Acute prostatitis is characterized by the following symptoms:

  • ethe;
  • urine retention;
  • White discharge begins to appear in the urine.

Chronic prostatitis is a recurrent form of the disease. The inflammatory focus is where germs multiply, which settle in the genitourinary tract and infect the tissues. The consequence of an early visit to the doctor is cystitis of a chronic course.

Nine out of ten cases of chronic prostatitis are the reason for visiting the doctor. The reasons for men are the same: pathogens of an infectious nature.

Chronic asymptomatic prostatitis: causes in mature men

The chronic prostatitis described does not belong to any of the groups listed. The reason for the appearance are the physiological features that appear in older men. The patient does not complain of the severity of the symptoms. A person learns about the presence of a disease only through tests or surgery. Rarely, it is diagnosed in patients whose age has exceeded forty years. Causes of chronic prostatitis:

  • infections;
  • pathogenic microbes.

Chronic prostatitis, which is caused by an infection, is very difficult to treat with medication.

Congestive prostatitis appears in young people due to irregular sex life, when the gland is most active. No credible reasons for its occurrence have been identified. Signs that distinguish congestive prostatitis:

  • weakening of sexual desire;
  • lack of vivid orgasmic sensations;
  • poor erection;
  • the desire to urinate in the morning is particularly pronounced;
  • Difficulty urinating is virtually invisible.

The causes of prostatitis are not yet fully understood. It is known that men who have somatic diseases are more likely to suffer from the inflammatory process:

  • intestinal diseases, bowel disorders;
  • chronic bronchitis, ARVI;
  • presence of foci in other organs (caries, tonsils);
  • SST transferred;
  • immune pathologies.

Pathogenic microorganisms invade tissues and form stagnation. What are the causes of infectious diseases of the prostate gland? Factors that contribute to the spread of infection are:

  • completeness;
  • systematic intoxication;
  • smoking;
  • uncomfortable, tight clothing;
  • prolonged exposure to cold;
  • car trips are frequent.

Treatment of prostatitis: features of therapy

Therapy for prostatitis is prescribed by a doctor based on the form and characteristics of the course of the disease. The causes of prostatitis in men are considered. In acute prostate, the patient is prescribed antibiotics that can penetrate the tissues of the diseased organ. Chronic prostatitis is comprehensively treated and includes a course of medications, immunomodulators, prostate massage, physiotherapy. Chronic non-bacterial prostatitis is treated with a course of non-steroidal drugs. Furthermore, medicines with sedative properties are prescribed.

The prostate can begin to change if the disease becomes severe. There is an abscess, urinary disorder, prostate sclerosis, extensive edema.

The causes of prostate adenoma are rooted in the premature referral to a specialist. Regular visits to the urologist for prophylaxis will help protect yourself. The disease is increasingly affecting young people. At age 30, the disease is easier to prevent than to cure. Prevention rules should exclude destructive factors. A man who cares about his health should lead a healthy lifestyle, play sports, wear comfortable underwear made of natural fabrics, avoid exposure to extremely low and high temperatures, and monitor food. Regular sex life is a prerequisite for maintaining men's health. By knowing the causes of prostatitis and following simple rules, a person can maintain reproductive health for many years.